What Is a Medicine Hat Horse? (Story, Appearance & Price)

All horses are marvelous creatures, but there is something magical in the name of medicine hat horses. Medicine hat horses are not only very rare, but supposedly, they also have special powers. Beyond myths and mysteries, though, what is a medicine hat horse?

Technically, a medicine hat horse is a pinto horse. Pintos are horses characterized by alternations of white and dark patches on the coat. Like all pinto horses, medicine hat horses are patched. However, their only dark spots are sparse and generally only located on the head and ears.

Medicine Hat Horse Coat Patterns & Color

Medicine Hat Horse Coat Patterns & Color

Medicine hat horses, as their name implies, are horses displaying a specific – and rare – color pattern.

These horses have dark patches on their heads and ears, resembling hats or bonnets. The face is predominantly white, although some may have smaller dark patches on the chin. Similarly, the body of the horse is largely white, but some horses have sparse dark patches on the flanks or belly.

From a technical point of view, medicine hat horses display a tovero coloration mix, which is a blend between the tobiano and overo patterns of pinto horses.

What Is Tovero Pattern?

Tovero refers to pinto horses that display a mix of tobiano and overo patterns.

Tobiano is a spotted pattern produced by a dominant gene. These horses have a dark base color with patches of white hair and pink skin. Regardless of the pattern disposition, all tobiano horses share certain characteristics, including:

  • White legs from the hocks and knees down
  • Facial markings similar to those of a solid-color horse
  • White crossing the back at the base of the tail and between the withers
  • Dark color extending down the neck and giving the appearance of a shield
  • White patches that are round or oval in shape
  • White is generally arranged in a vertical pattern

Overo includes several patterns of white-over-dark coat markings, including frame overo, which is the most common.

Frame overo horses appear to be solid-color but generally have a white mask and irregular white patches present in a horizontal orientation. Most markings have a jagged shape, as opposed to tovero’s round or oval shapes.

Many frame overo horses have blue eyes, a characteristic that can also be present in tovero – thus medicine hat – horses.

Tovero horses are pintos that display the characteristics of both tobiano and overo patterns. For example, a tovero horse could have blue eyes and irregular facial markings characteristics to overo but display round or oval patches on the body and a tobiano arrangement of the white.

Medicine hat horses have overo markings on the head and are predominantly white. Any present markings have well-defined edges and are mostly round or oval.

Medicine Hat Horse Colors

Medicine hat horses can have any color present in pinto horses, including black, chestnut, brown, palomino, roan, grey, or yellow. However, the predominant color is white, a trait that makes these horses extremely rare.

Watch a Medicine Hat Filly’s First Day Outside

Medicine Hat Horse Behavior and Temperament

Like all pinto horses, medicine hat horses don’t fall into a specific breed. Rather than a breed, any horse can be a medicine hat horse as long as it has the right coat pattern. Thus, the behavior and temperament of a specific medicine hat horse will be dictated by the behavior and temperament characteristic of its breed.

In general, medicine hat horses are intelligent and easy to train. Most get along well with other horses, as well as other pets or animals.

Since there is no breed, there are no specific standards either when it comes to medicine hat horses. However, they are classified into standard, pony, or miniature categories.

  • Standard medicine hat horses are at least 14 hands in size
  • Medicine hat ponies are between 9.5 and 14 hands in size
  • Medicine hat miniature horses are generally up to 8.5 hands in size, but Miniature-B horses can have a size between 8.5 and 9.5 hands

Medicine Hat Horse Legends and Beliefs

Medicine Hat Horse Legends and Beliefs

Because of their rarity, medicine hat horses were believed to have magical powers and that anyone riding such a horse could not be hurt. If one or both eyes were blue, the horse was believed to be even more powerful.

Most legends referring to medicine hat horses belong to the Native American culture. Indigenous people believed in the supernatural protection delivered by these horses. As such, they were often ridden by the so-called medicine men – the healers of the tribes.

The Medicine Man was a powerful figure in most indigenous tribes, acting as a healer and spiritual leader.

The Connection Between the Medicine Man and Medicine Hat Horses

Native American history speaks widely about the connection between a tribe’s healer and spiritual leader and the rare medicine hat horses.

It was believed that the healers often shared a supernatural connection with the animals and that the only type of horse they should have ridden was a medicine hat horse, also known as a war horse at the time.

The reason was simple. Most tribes believed that a medicine hat horse would protect the medicine man during battle, keeping him safe and helping him heal the others. At the same time, most tribes also believed that the man-horse duo could warn others of impending dangers.

To celebrate the special powers of medicine hat horses, most tribes used to paint symbols on the horse’s coat. Depending on the purpose – protection, victory, luck – the tribes utilized paints of different colors to paint specific symbols.

Medicine Hat Horse Symbols and Their Meaning

Indigenous tribes used different symbols to differentiate themselves from other tribes. However, some symbols painted on medicine hat horses were common between the tribes. Let’s find the meaning between the most common ones:

  • A circle around one or both eyes: Generally red in color, this symbol was used for alert vision.
  • A circle around the nostrils: Similar to the circle around the eye, it was believed that a red circle around the nostrils would bring a keener sense of smell.
  • Arrow: A blue, straight arrow was believed to bring victory.
  • Fire arrow: Red and usually painted in a zig-zag pattern would add strength to the warrior while causing trouble for the enemy.
  • Lightning (or thunder) stripes: Usually blue or purple in color, these stripes were believed to please the war gods.
  • Yellow arrowheads: A symbol painted on all four hooves, it would make the horse move swiftly.
  • Hailstones: Blue or purple, these hailstones were more of a prayer for the hail to fall on the enemy.
  • Red cross: A red cross on the horse meant the animal and its rider had escaped an ambush.
  • Horseshoe prints: The number of horseshoe symbols stands for the number of horses the warrior captured during raids.
  • Two green handprints: These symbols on a horse’s chest were used to outline that the horse had knocked down an enemy.
  • One purple upside-down handprint: The most prized symbol a warrior could place on his horse, it designated warriors embarking on do-or-die missions.
  • One blue handprint: Drawn on the horse’s hip, this symbol was reserved solely for horses that have brought their masters home, unharmed after a dangerous mission.

How Much Does a Medicine Hat Horse Cost?

As mentioned above, medicine hat horses are rare. Although they can be pinto horses of any breed, most medicine hats are Mustang or Spanish Barb horses. Because of their rare occurrence and sought-after breeds, medicine hat horses are expensive.

At the low end of the spectrum, you can expect to pay around $3,800 for a miniature mare or around $5,000 for an American Paint filly. Stallions are generally more expensive, and horses that have been trained for racing or hunting will also generally cost more.

More expensive bloodlines, such as Thoroughbreds, can cost you $10,000 or more, depending on the horse’s lineage and performance.


One of the rarest types of pinto, medicine hat horses have long been considered magical creatures with supernatural abilities. Sure, we now know that those beliefs were nothing but legends, but nothing can take away the fact that winning a race while riding a medicine hat horse can give you a feeling of power.

The temperament and behavior of these horses can vary based on their breed. Like all pinto horses, medicine hats are generally low maintenance and easy to keep. Whether you want a horse for pleasure, show, or racing, a medicine hat horse could be the one for you.

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4 thoughts on “What Is a Medicine Hat Horse? (Story, Appearance & Price)”

      • Hi Lana,
        I have a beautiful small 13.2 hand 4 year old Medicine Hat Mare that I may be selling in a few months. I bred (for) her and was there for her birth. We are going through some family trauma and might not be able to keep her. If I do sell her, I want her to go to someone who truly cares about her special markings. In which State are you located? We are in central California.
        Thanks, Catherine


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